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CONSTITUTION OF ROMANIA - 1991
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Constitution of 1991
Revision of the Constitution
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TITLE I - GENERAL PRINCIPLES

Article 1 - Romanian State
Article 2 - Sovereignty
Article 3 - Territory
Article 4 - Unity of the people and equality among citizens
Article 5 - Citizenship
Article 6 - Right to identity
Article 7 - Romanians living abroad
Article 8 - Pluralism and political parties
Article 9 - Trade unions
Article 10 - International relations
Article 11 - International law and national law
Article 12 - National symbols
Article 13 - Official language
Article 14 - Capital

TITLE II - FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS, FREEDOMS AND DUTIES

Chapter 1 - Common provisions

Article 15 - Universality
Article 16 - Equality of rights
Article 17 - Romanian citizens while abroad
Article 18 - Aliens and stateless persons
Article 19 - Extradition and expulsion
Article 20 - International human rights treaties
Article 21 - Free access to justice

Chapter 2 - Fundamental rights and freedoms

Article 22 - Right to life, to physical and mental integrity
Article 23 - Individual freedom
Article 24 - Right to defence
Article 25 - Freedom of movement
Article 26 - Personal and family privacy
Article 27 - Inviolability of domicile
Article 28 - Secrecy of correspondence
Article 29 - Freedom of conscience
Article 30 - Freedom of expression
Article 31 - Right to information
Article 32 - Right to education
Article 33 - Right to protection of health
Article 34 - Right to vote
Article 35 - Right to be elected
Article 36 - Freedom of assembly
Article 37 - Right to association
Article 38 - Labour and social protection of labour
Article 39 - Prohibition of forced labour
Article 40 - Right to strike
Article 41 - Protection of private property
Article 42 - Inheritance right
Article 43 - Living standard
Article 44 - Family
Article 45 - Protection of children and young people
Article 46 - Protection of the disabled persons
Article 47 - Right of petition
Article 48 - Right of a person aggrieved by a public authority
Article 49 - Restriction on the exercise of certain rights or freedoms

Chapter 3 - Fundamental duties

Article 50 - Faithfulness towards the country
Article 51 - Observance of the Constitution and laws
Article 52 - Defence of the country
Article 53 - Financial contributions
Article 54 - Exercise of rights and freedoms

Chapter 4 - Advocate of the People

Article 55 - Appointment and role
Article 56 - Exercise of powers
Article 57 - Report before Parliament

TITLE III - PUBLIC AUTHORITIES

Chapter 1 - Parliament

Section 1 - Organization and Functioning

Article 58 - Role and structure
Article 59 - Election of the Chambers
Article 60 - Term of office
Article 61 - Organizational structure
Article 62 - Joint sessions
Article 63 - Sessions
Article 64 - Acts of Parliament and legal quorum
Article 65 - Publicity of sessions

Section 2 - Status of Deputies and Senators

Article 66 - Representative mandate
Article 67 - Term of Office of Deputies and Senators
Article 68 - Incompatibilities
Article 69 - Parliamentary immunity
Article 70 - Freedom of opinions
Article 71 - Emoluments and other rights

Section 3 - Legislation and Procedure

Article 72 - Legislative scope
Article 73 - Legislative initiative
Article 74 - Passing of bills and resolutions
Article 75 - Sending of bills and legislative proposals from one Chamber to the other
Article 76 - Mediation
Article 77 - Promulgation of laws
Article 78 - Coming into force of laws
Article 79 - Legislative Council

Chapter 2 - The President of Romania

Article 80 - Role of the President
Article 81 - Election of the President
Article 82 - Validation of mandate and oath-taking
Article 83 - Term of office
Article 84 - Incompatibilities and immunities
Article 85 - Appointment of the Government
Article 86 - Consultation with the Government
Article 87 - Participation in meetings of the Government
Article 88 - Messages
Article 89 - Dissolution of Parliament
Article 90 - Referendum
Article 91 - Powers in matters of foreign policy
Article 92 - Powers in matters of defence
Article 93 - Emergency measures
Article 94 - Other powers
Article 95 - Suspension from office
Article 96 - Vacancy of office
Article 97 - Interim of office
Article 98 - Liability of the Acting President
Article 99 - Acts of the President
Article 100 - Emolument, other rights

Chapter 3 - The Government

Article 101 - Role and structure
Article 102 - Investiture
Article 103 - Oath of allegiance
Article 104 - Incompatibilities
Article 105 - Cessation of Government membership
Article 106 - Prime Minister
Article 107 - Acts of the Government
Article 108 - Responsibility of members of the Government
Article 109 - End of the term of office

Chapter 4 - Relations between Parliament and the Government

Article 110 - Information to Parliament
Article 111 - Questions and interpellations
Article 112 - Motion of censure
Article 113 - Assumption of responsibility by the Government
Article 114 - Legislative delegation

Chapter 5 - Public administration

Section 1 - Specialized central public administration

Article 115 - Structure
Article 116 - Establishment
Article 117 - The Armed Forces
Article 118 - Supreme Council of National Defence

Section 2 - Local public administration

Article 119 - Basic principles
Article 120 - Communal and town authorities
Article 121 - County Council
Article 122 - The Prefect

Chapter 6 - Judicial Authority

Section 1 - Courts of Law

Article 123 - Administration of justice
Article 124 - Status of Judges
Article 125 - Courts of law
Article 126 - Publicity of debates
Article 127 - Right to have an interpreter
Article 128 - Use of appeal
Article 129 - Police in the Courts

Section 2 - The Public Ministry

Article 130 - Role of Public Ministry
Article 131 - Status of Public Prosecutors

Section 3 - Superior Council of the Magistracy

Article 132 - Composition
Article 133 - Powers

TITLE IV - ECONOMY AND PUBLIC FINANCE

Article 134 - Economy
Article 135 - Property
Article 136 - Financial system
Article 137 - National Public Budget
Article 138 - Taxes and duties
Article 139 - Court of Audit

TITLE V - CONSTITUTIONAL COURT

Article 140 - Structure
Article 141 - Qualifications for appointment
Article 142 - Incompatibilities
Article 143 - Independence and irremovability
Article 144 - Powers
Article 145 - Decisions of the Constitutional Court

TITLE VI - REVISION OF THE CONSTITUTION

Article 146 - Initiative of revision
Article 147 - Procedure of revision
Article 148 - Limits of revision

TITLE VII - FINAL AND TRANSITORY PROVISIONS

Article 149 - Coming into force
Article 150 - Temporal conflict of laws
Article 151 - Current institutions
Article 152 - Future institutions

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