Constitution of Romania
Revision of the Constitution
- The Constitution of Romania of 1991 was amended and completed by the Law No. 429/2003 on the revision of the Constitution of Romania, published in the Official Gazette of Romania, Part I, No. 758 of 29 October 2003, republished by the Legislative Council on the grounds of article 152 of the Constitution, with the updated denominations and the renumbered texts (Article 152 became, in the republished form, Article 156).
- The Law No. 429/2003 on the revision of the Constitution of Romania was approved by the national referendum of 18-19 October 2003, and came into force on 29 October 2003, the date of the publication in the Official Gazette of Romania, Part I, No. 758 of 29 October 2003 of the Decision of the Constitutional Court No. 3 of 22 October 2003 for the confirmation of the result of the national referendum of 18-19 October 2003 concerning the Law on the revision of the Constitution of Romania.
- The Constitution of Romania, in its initial form, was adopted in the sitting of the Constituant Assembly of 21 November 1991, was published in the Official Gazette of Romania, Part I, No. 233 of 21 November 1991, and came into force after its approval by the national referendum of 8 December 1991.
- Constitution - 1991
- Major provisions of the Law for the revision of the Constitution
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CONSTITUTION OF ROMANIA
Final and transitory provisions
|Coming into force||ARTICLE 153|
This Constitution shall come into force on the date of its adoption by referendum. On the same day, the Constitution of 21 August 1965 is and remains fully repealed.
|Temporal conflict of laws||ARTICLE 154|
(1) The laws and all other normative acts shall apply as far as they do not contravene the provisions of this Constitution.
(2) The Legislative Council shall examine, within 12 months of the date of coming into force of the law on its organization, the compliance of legislation with this Constitution and shall accordingly advance proposals to Parliament or to the Government, as the case may be.
|Transitory provisions||ARTICLE 155|
(1) The bills and legislative proposals pending the legislation shall be debated and adopted in compliance with the constitutional provisions existing before the coming into force of the revision law.
(2) The institutions stipulated by the Constitution, existing on the date of coming into force of the revision law, shall operate until the setting up of the new ones.
(3) The provisions of paragraph (1) of article 83 shall apply starting from the next presidential term of office.
(4) The provisions regarding the High Court of Cassation and Justice shall be implemented within 2 years at most of the date of coming into force of the revision law.
(5) The judges in office of the Supreme Court of Justice and the audit advisers appointed by the Parliament shall continue their activity until the term of office for which they were appointed expires. To ensure the renewal of the Court of Audit every 3 years, on the expiry of the term of office of the current audit advisers, these may be appointed for another 3-year or 6-year term of office.
(6) Until the establishment of specialized courts of law, the disputes resulting from the activity of the Court of Audit shall be solved by ordinary courts of law.
|Republication of the Constitution||ARTICLE 156|
The law for the revision of the Constitution shall be published in the Official Gazette of Romania within 5 days of the date of its passing. The Constitution, amended and completed, after its approval by referendum, shall be republished by the Legislative Council, by updating the denominations and renumbering the texts.